or .

# Scalar Potentials and Scalar Waves

Due to the large amont of misinformation regarding the subject of scalar waves, we have included this section to help make people aware of the differences between accepted scalar scientific ideas and the pseudoscientific theories.

In the previous sections we discussed the difference between scalar and vector quantities, and how this relates to electromagnetic waves. This section deals with the topic of 'Scalar Waves' and 'Scalar Field Theory' in an attempt to remove some of the mystery and confusion around these subjects. If you enter the search term "Scalar Waves" in to a popular search engine such as Google, you will find many pages discussing the topic of 'Scalar Electromagnetic Waves'. This is very misleading as such waves are totally unproven in the accepted scientific community.

In mathematics and physics, a scalar field associates a scalar to every point in space. Scalar fields are often used in physics, for instance to indicate the temperature distribution throughout space, or the air pressure. Some waves, such as temperature waves or pressure waves can be considered as scalar waves. This is because Temperature and pressure are scalar quantities and have no direction associated with them. Any electromagnetic phenomenon, however will always have a directional (vector) component associated with it. This is because a magnetic field is always a dipole (north and south), and is actually caused by the motion of charged particles or an electric current.

The rest of this page contains information from a Wikipedia article about scalar electromagnetic waves. The theory is considered pseudoscience (nonsense) yet is widley promoted among reseachers looking for 'free energy' or 'over unity'. The article below contains many obvious flaws and blatant mathematical errors. To skip the rest of this section click a link below. You can also add your comments and suggestions ad the bottom of the page.

Next Page: Light in Materials
Previous Page: Standing Waves

Scalar wave theory is a controversial theory and is considered pseudo science by most qualified scientists. The articles from Wikipedia, below are aimed to help you understand the concept of scalar electromagnetic waves, but you should remain vigilant when reading about related topics as there are many people working hard to promote nonsense for profit. We are not trying to prove nor disprove scalar theory. We just wish to provide you with an independent unbiased source of information. If you can help improve this section then please contact us

v Info from Wikipedia v
Scalar field theory posits that there is a form of electromagnetic energy more basic than electric field and magnetic field. Proponents claims it to be a protoscientific theory and state that electromagnetism isn't complete described by the standard electromagnetic theory. Skeptics refer to it as a pseudophysical theory and a pseudoscientific paradigm. Scalar electromagnetics (also known as scalar energy) is the background quantum mechanical fluctuations and associated zero-point energies (incontrast to "vector energies" which sums to zero).

Scalar waves are hypothetical waves, which differ from the conventional electromagnetic transverse waves by one oscillation level parallel to the direction of propagation, they thus have characteristics of longitudinal waves. Their existence however, as presupposed in numerous parascientific and pseudoscientific theories, has so far not been proven. Scalar waves are called also "electromagnetic longitudinal waves" or "Teslawellen".

Description
The basic understanding of scalar field theory begins with several defintion of terms within the theory which are also used in academic physics, but assigning them other meanings. A "scalar field" is a set of assigned observable magnitudes at every point in n-dimensional space (compare this with the current academic definition; n is also 4 or greater). An "electric field" are composed of the spinning charged mass, in motion through a finite change in electrostatic scalar potential (compare this with the current academic definition). A "potential" is pure energy and is any ordering (static or dynamic) in the vacuum (eg., the position of the object relative to other objects). A "scalar potential" is the stationary ordering in the virtual particle flux of the vacuum (compare this with the current academic definition). A "vector potential" is any nonstationary ordering in the virtual particle flux of vacuum (compare this with the current academic definition). Scalar potentials and vector potentials are thus defined as being "contained" inside the energy domain.

Magnetic fields interaction
SFT is based on "non-symmetrical regauging" potentials, demonstrated by the interaction of two magnetic fields.

When the field lines oppose each other, the magnets are pulled together. When the fields are aligned in the same direction, the magnets push apart. When two magnets strongly oppose each other but are not permitted to move apart, the force between them is said to create a "scalar bubble" between the magnets. The greater the repulsive force, the larger this scalar bubble becomes. As the magnets move away and the pushing force decreases, the scalar bubble shrinks in size and strength.

In a similar manner, two magnets that are strongly attracted create a "scalar void" between them that grows larger the closer the two magnets become. Two magnets powerfully attracted to one another create a very large scalar void, that decreases as the attracting magnets are moved apart.

Despite the claims of its proponents, no repeatable experiments were able to show the existence of the scalar field. All observed effects were shown to comply to the standard physical laws of electrodynamics. As not only classical electromagnetics but also quantum electrodynamics are a field of physics, where the observations are in spectacular agreement with the theoretical predictions, currently the case for Scalar field theory looks bleak.

Field effects of scalar energy
Scalar field theory suggests that scalar energy can move through space much like an electromagnetic wave. However, the operating principles are different. The regular expansion and contraction of a scalar bubble/void is like rythmicly splashing water on a pond. It sends out ripples through the general scalar field that can subtly affect the size and strength of distant scalar bubbles/voids.

This means that a pair of magnets that are rthymicly opposing/attracting each other are sending out scalar ripples through space that will slightly perturb the scalar bubble/void between a second pair magnets nearby. The net effect is that the attraction and/or repulsion between the second pair of magnets exhibits a change in strength, even though the magnets and fields themselves are motionless.

According to skeptics, the following description given for an application to a communication system reportedly failed to give reproduceable results.

A basic scalar communications system
The scalar communications antenna does not make any sense according to normal electromagnetic theory. The goal of a scalar antenna is to create powerful repulsion/attraction between two magnetic fields, to create large scalar bubbles/voids. This is done by using an antenna with two opposing electromagnetic coils that effectively cancel out as much of each other's magnetic field as possible. An ideal scalar antenna will emit no electromagnetic field (or as little as possible), since all power is being focused into the repulsion/attraction between the two opposing magnetic fields. Normal electromagnetic theory suggests that since such a device emits no measurable electromagnetic field, it is useless and will only heat up.

A scalar signal reception antenna similarly excludes normal electromagnetic waves and only measures changes in magnetic field attraction and repulsion. This will typically be a two-coil powered antenna that sets up a static opposing or attracting magnetic field between the coils, and the coils are counter-wound so that any normal RF signal will be picked up by both coils and effectively cancel itself out.

Other claims, theories, and suggestions
Tom Bearden (reportedly, a retired Lieutenant Colonel) suggests that scalar energy could be used as a directed-energy weapon. He says that if two scalar "energy beams" are created that collide with each other, the two scalar fields will nullify each other and create a burst of electromagnetic energy in its place, that can continue on forward in the direction the two scalar beams were heading. A point within the framework from Bearden rests on the allegation that during the reformulation of the James Clerk Maxwell's orginal theory (of quaternions) by Oliver Heaviside and Josiah Gibbs into vector notation a key elements was lost in the original theory.

It has been suggested that scalar fields do not follow the same rules as electromagnetic waves, and can penetrate through materials that would normally slow or absorb electromagnetic waves. If true, a simple proving method is to design a scalar signal emitter and a scalar signal receiver, and encasing each inside separate shielded and grounded metal boxes, known as faraday cages. These boxes will absorb all normal electromagnetic energy, and will prevent any regular non-scalar signal transmissions from passing from one box to the other.

Some people have suggested that organic life may make use of scalar energies in ways that we do not yet understand. Therefore caution is recommended when experimenting with this fringe technology. However, keep in mind that if scalar fields do exist, we are likely already deeply immersed in an unseen field of scalar noise all the time, generated anywhere two magnetic fields oppose or attract. Common scalar field noise sources include AC electric cords and powerlines carrying high current, and electric motors which operate on the principle of powerful spinning regions of repulsion and attraction.
^ Info from Wikipedia ^

Next Page: Light in Materials
Previous Page: Standing Waves

Comments and questions for Scalar Waves

The information provided here can not be guaranteed as accurate or correct. Always check with an alternate source before following any suggestions made here.